The Solidarity movement in Poland is arguably one of the most unique and inspiring movements in modern European history.
It was not a movement that began inbut rather a continuation of a working class and Polish intelligentsia movement that began inand continued in two other risings, in and The most significant of these risings began in the shipyards of the 'Triple City', Gdansk, Sopot and Gdynia in The first and by far the most violent and bloody of the workers revolts came in June ofwhen at least 75 people died in the industrial city of Poznan.
The third uprising took place in with workers striking in Warsaw, and rioting in the city of Radom.
What made the Solidarity movement peaceful and far more successful in comparison to that of the previous three? The Solidarity movement originated in the working class, but unlike the previous three risings it also worked with and was involved with the Polish intellectual community.
Was this the reason behind its success? Or was it instead the result of the U. While everyone of these points was a factor, the strongest and most compelling argument can be made for the unification and working together of Poland's most influential social classes, the Polish intelligentsia, the workers, and the Church.
This strategy eventually led to the infamous 'roundtable' talks, and the collapse of communism itself in Poland. The Beginnings of a Movement The 'Polish October' of did not begin with Stalin's death inin fact Poland was quite calm, in stark contrast with other Eastern bloc countries.
While demonstrations took place in Plzen, Czechoslovakia, and a revolt was taking place in East Germany in mid-June, Poland was slow to follow the 'New Course' that was being offered by neighboring countries. This was a result of a much slower relaxation than the other countries experienced.
Regardless, social and intellectual unrest began building up, with collectivization being slackened and censorship showing cracks, the nation had a sense that a new start must be made. The Polish intelligentsia was one of the most important groups to emerge during this period.
The Polish intelligentsia is, and remains, a distinct social class that is composed of those with a higher education, or those who at least share similar tastes. The Polish intelligentsia originates in the nineteenth-century, when Polish nobility moved to the cities to occupy itself with literature, art, and revolutionary politics, due to it's loss of estates and land.
This distinct social group was feared and recognized by both Stalin and Hitler, 50 percent of Polish lawyers and doctors and 40 percent of Polish university professors where murdered in World War II. The reemergence of this group leading to the 'Polish October' is significant in that it would play a crucial role 25 years later.
Unfortunately for Poland, the Polish intelligentsia and the working class often led separate uprisings, and had trouble connecting in the causes that they were fighting for.
Many events and reasons, many similar to that of culminated to the uprisings in October, and the crackdown that followed. The focus has to be put primarily on the fact that it was only in part a workers rebellion, because the workers' movement in Poznan had no central structure or leadership.
It was instead a rebellion of the intelligentsia, which was in a system that denied them access to the elite.The free History: European research paper (Solidarity: The Movement and It's Causes essay) presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service.
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name = Lukasz Cholodecki email = [email protected] publish = yes subject = Modern European History title = Solidarity: The Movement and It's Causes papers = Solidarity: The Movement and It's Causes History / Prof.
Startt Essay #2 The Solidarity movement in Poland .
Its membership reached million members before its September Congress (when it reached 10 million), which constituted one third of the total working-age population of Poland.
In the s, Solidarity was a broad anti-bureaucratic social movement, using the methods of civil resistance to advance the causes of workers' rights and social rutadeltambor.com name: Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy „Solidarność”.
Its membership peaked at 10 million members at its September Congress, which constituted one third of the total working-age population of Poland. In the s, Solidarity was a broad anti-bureaucratic social movement, using the methods of civil resistance to .
A History of the Solidarity Movement in Poland and Its Causes PAGES WORDS 2, View Full Essay. More essays like this: cold war, solidarity movement poland, solidarity movement causes, polish october. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Dec 14, · Solidarity: Solidarity, Polish trade union that in the early s became the first independent labor union in a country belonging to the Soviet Bloc. Lech Walesa helped found the organization in , and he became its influential leader, eventually serving as president of Poland.