Religious basis[ edit ] Creation science is based largely upon chapters 1—11 of the Book of Genesis. These describe how God calls the world into existence through the power of speech "And God said, Let there be light," etc.
Comparative mythology provides historical and cross-cultural perspectives for Jewish mythology. Both begin with a series of statements of what did not exist at the moment when creation began; the Enuma Elish has a spring in the sea as the point where creation begins, paralleling the spring on the land — Genesis 2 is notable for being a "dry" creation story in Genesis 2: At the same time, and as with Genesis 1, the Jewish version has drastically changed its Babylonian model: Eve, for example, seems to fill the role of a mother goddess when, in Genesis 4: The two share numerous plot-details e.
This enraged Ninhursag, and she caused Enki to fall ill. Enki felt pain in his rib, which is a pun in Sumerian, as the word "ti" means both "rib" and "life". The other deities persuaded Ninhursag to relent. It was you that hacked Rahab in pieces, that pierced the Dragon!
It was you that dried up the Sea, the waters of the great Deep, that made the abysses of the Sea a road that the redeemed might walk And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. This was made up of three levels, the habitable earth in the middle, the heavens above, an underworld below, all surrounded by a watery "ocean" of chaos as the Babylonian Tiamat.
Above it was the firmamenta transparent but solid dome resting on the mountains, allowing men to see the blue of the waters above, with "windows" to allow the rain to enter, and containing the sun, moon and stars.
The waters extended below the earth, which rested on pillars sunk in the waters, and in the underworld was Sheolthe abode of the dead. In the Enuma Elishthe "deep" is personified as the goddess Tiamatthe enemy of Marduk ;  here it is the formless body of primeval water surrounding the habitable world, later to be released during the Delugewhen "all the fountains of the great deep burst forth" from the waters beneath the earth and from the "windows" of the sky.
Only when this is done does God create man and woman and the means to sustain them plants and animals. At the end of the sixth day, when creation is complete, the world is a cosmic temple in which the role of humanity is the worship of God. This parallels Mesopotamian myth the Enuma Elish and also echoes chapter 38 of the Book of Jobwhere God recalls how the stars, the "sons of God", sang when the corner-stone of creation was laid.
And there was evening and there was morning, one day. God creates by spoken command and names the elements of the world as he creates them. In the ancient Near East the act of naming was bound up with the act of creating: And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
God does not create or make trees and plants, but instead commands the earth to produce them. The underlying theological meaning seems to be that God has given the previously barren earth the ability to produce vegetation, and it now does so at his command. God puts "lights" in the firmament to "rule over" the day and the night.
According to Victor Hamilton, most scholars agree that the choice of "greater light" and "lesser light", rather than the more explicit "sun" and "moon", is anti-mythological rhetoric intended to contradict widespread contemporary beliefs that the sun and the moon were deities themselves.
And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day. After this first mention the word always appears as ha-adam, "the man", but as Genesis 1: The meaning of this is unclear: Having the spiritual qualities of God such as intellect, will, etc.
Only later, after the Flood, is man given permission to eat flesh. The Priestly author of Genesis appears to look back to an ideal past in which mankind lived at peace both with itself and with the animal kingdom, and which could be re-achieved through a proper sacrificial life in harmony with God.
This implies that the materials that existed before the Creation " tohu wa-bohu ," "darkness," " tehom " were not "very good. In ancient Near Eastern literature the divine rest is achieved in a temple as a result of having brought order to chaos.
Rest is both disengagement, as the work of creation is finished, but also engagement, as the deity is now present in his temple to maintain a secure and ordered cosmos.
Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work; but the seventh day is a sabbath unto the LORD thy God, in it thou shalt not do any manner of work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day; wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Eden may represent the divine garden on Zionthe mountain of God, which was also Jerusalem; while the real Gihon was a spring outside the city mirroring the spring which waters Eden ; and the imagery of the Garden, with its serpent and cherubs, has been seen as a reflection of the real images of the Solomonic Temple with its copper serpent the nehushtan and guardian cherubs.
When God forbids the man to eat from the tree of knowledge he says that if he does so he is "doomed to die": Kenegdo means "alongside, opposite, a counterpart to him", and ezer means active intervention on behalf of the other person.
Later, after the story of the Garden is complete, she receives a name: This means "living" in Hebrew, from a root that can also mean "snake".God Does Exist. The best explanation for the cause of the reality we experience is an all-powerful, all-present, all-knowing, and loving God.
More. Creationism is typically based on a literal interpretation of the Book of Genesis in the Bible. Supporters of Intelligent Design argue that either God created the conditions for evolution or point to patterns occuring in nature as evidence that the universe is not random but created by an intelligent being.
Here, Creationism means the taking of the Bible, particularly the early chapters of Genesis, as literally true guides to the history of the universe and to the history of life, including us humans, down here on earth (Numbers ).
Is Creationism an Origin Myth? Is there any merit to the idea that Genesis was written as myth, like Ancient Near Eastern myths? While some details are similar, they are told in a style that highlights the contrast between pagan myths and historical reality.
Custance, who also has a master's degree in oriental languages, makes a valiant attempt to demonstrate the validity of gap theory biblical exegesis by analysis of the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin versions and study of other Bible passages claimed to support this interpretation.
This biblical story comes from Genesis, the first book of the Old Testament, which is the sacred sourcebook of both Judaism and Christianity.
- The Bible In the Holy Bible, teachings guide all types of human beings to a better understanding of life. Many of these verses reach out to man through teachings of human nature and how to create society's moral values. This biblical story comes from Genesis, the first book of the Old Testament, which is the sacred sourcebook of both Judaism and Christianity. In Genesis this story is followed immediately by a second creation story, in which humans are created first, followed by plants and animals. Whereas naturalistic evolution removes God completely from the origin of earth and living things, Theistic Evolution and Progressive Creation seriously distance Him from that process. All such ideas conflict with even the most basic Bible teachings about God's involvement in creation.
In Genesis this story is followed immediately by a second creation story, in which humans are created first, followed by plants and animals.