Instead, they were astonished to find that over 17, students signed up worldwide, with 60 percent coming from U. Once obscure, MOOCs, or Massive Open Online Courses, have become increasingly important in a world where the demand for tertiary education, combined with rising tuition costs, have created a market opportunity for alternatives to traditional universities. One of the largest of these new organizations, Coursera, has teamed up with 84 universities in the U. In early May, Coursera partnered with Peking University to offer three classes taught in Mandarin, and is still negotiating contracts with two top universities in Shanghai—Shanghai Jiaotong University and Fudan University.
Government Nike's world headquarters are surrounded by the city of Beaverton, Oregon but are technically within unincorporated Washington County.
From Nike's perspective, the company, one of only two Fortune employers still headquartered in the state of Oregon Precision Castparts is the otherhas such a large payroll in the area that it should not be forced to be annexed into Beaverton without its consent.
Nike prefers to work with county government as it develops and expands its headquarters. Intelanother large employer in the Assingment komunikasi khalayak, routinely Assingment komunikasi khalayak special tax breaks on various capital investments it makes in the county.
From Beaverton 's perspective, the company's expectation for special treatment is counter to the city's desire to have zoning and other laws apply equally to all businesses, big and small. A nearby Costco store, one of that company's earliest, was annexed into Beaverton years ago without incident, and Beaverton's focus on additional annexation during the 21st century reflects a desire to streamline both city and county government by having metropolitan-area services handled by cities instead of counties.
The Oregonian dates the bad blood between the two back to the Nike purchase of 74 acres 0. When Nike proposed expanding their headquarters in that direction, Beaverton at first wanted them to build housing near the MAX station and criss-cross the property with two public roads, expectations defined by the zoning already in place when Nike bought the land.
Beaverton 's request was mostly consistent with Metro's transit-oriented development plans for the region.
After a year, which included a threat by Nike to move 5, jobs out of the state, Beaverton backed down from the requirement for housing, but the lack of accommodation was something that Nike did not forget.
The annexation standoff soon led Beaverton to attempt a forcible annexation. That led to a lawsuit by Nike, and lobbying by the company that ultimately ended in Oregon Senate Bill of Under that bill's terms, Beaverton is specifically barred from forcibly annexing the land that Nike and Columbia Sportswear occupy in unincorporated Washington County for 35 years, while Electro Scientific Industries and Tektronix get that same protection for 30 years.
The 2 groups are against Nike of this condition. Nike has been criticized for contracting with factories in countries such as ChinaVietnamIndonesia and Mexico. Vietnam Labour Watch, an activist group, has documented that factories contracted by Nike have violated minimum wage and overtime laws in Vietnam as late asalthough Nike claims that this practice has been halted.
The company has been subject to much critical coverage of the often poor working conditions and exploitation of cheap overseas labor employed in the free trade zones where their goods are typically manufactured.
Nike was criticized about ads which referred to empowering women in the U. Political Conditions In the s, Nike faced criticism for use of child labour in Cambodia and Pakistan in factories it contracted to manufacture soccer balls.
Although Nike took action to curb or at least reduce the practice of child labour, they continue to contract their production to companies that operate in areas where inadequate regulation and monitoring make it hard to ensure that child labour is not being used.
These campaigns have been taken up by many college and universities, especially anti-globalisation groups as well as several anti-sweatshop groups such as the United Students Against Sweatshops. There have been several concerns raised in the media about the conditions that factory workers have to endure not only Nike's factories but in many of its major rivals manufacturing areas across Asia.
Rumors of forced over-time and going for long periods of time without a break have been reported in the press. Sociocultural Nike is well known and popular in Youth cultureChav Culture and Hip hop culture as they supply urban fashion clothing.
Nike recently teamed up with Apple Inc. While the product generates useful statistics, it has been criticized by researchers who were able to identify users' RFID devices from 60 feet away using small, concealable intelligence motes in a wireless sensor network.
Global The Nike Foundation in began investing in adolescent girls as powerful agents of change in the developing world.
Funded by Nike, Inc. We believe that when girls receive support and realize opportunity for their futures, they can become an unexpected and powerful force in transforming. Technological conditions The consistently growing textile industry often brings negative contributions to the environment.
Because Nike is a large participant in this manufacturing, many of their processes negatively contribute to the environment. One way the expanding textile industry affects the environment is by increasing its water deficit, climate change, pollution, and fossil fuel and raw material consumption.
Although these combined effects can negatively alter the environment, Nike tries to counteract their influence with different projects. According to a New England-based environmental organisation Clean Air-Cool Planet, Nike ranks among the top 3 companies out of 56 on a survey conducted about climate-friendly companies.
Nike has also been praised for its Nike Grind programme which closes the product lifecycle by groups like Climate Counts. The Trash Talk Shoe also featured a sole composed of ground-up rubber from a shoe recycling program.
Nike claims this is the first performance basketball shoe that has been created from manufacturing waste, but it only produced 5, pairs for sale. The material that is created from the recycled shoes is then used to help create sports surfaces, such as basketball courts, running tracks, and playgrounds.
However disturbing those comments might have been, they turned out to be but a scratch on the surface of a far more horrendous reality -- confirmed, quantified, and fully documented in a March '97 report by Vietnam Labour Watch during its visit to Vietnam Despite its progressive image in the United StatesNike is a very different company in Vietnam and in other Asian manufacturing operations.
We started this web site in Since then, the stories of Nike labor abuses have made the front-page of many newspapers. InPhil Knight promised to change Nike's labor practices in Asia. We observed a few improvements, but much of Phil Knight's plan of actions were nothing but empty promises.2) Komunikasi Informal adalah komunikasi yang terjadi diantara para anggota organisasi atas dasar kehendak pribadi, tanpa memperhatikan posisi/kedudukan mereka dalam organisasi.5/5(6).
komunikasi terus akan gagal 5 BUSINESS COMMUNICATION. mendengar (Decode). tahap pendengaran penerima yang tidak jelas dan rutadeltambor.comA IN PLANTATION MANAGEMENT 4) Membaca.
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