Research has found that other norms may exist which are dependent upon factors such as age or personality Huseman, et. The Equity Sensitivity Construct describes a spectrum of varying sensitivities to equity and inequity Huseman, et.
The idea of equity sensitivity determines the extent to which an individual will tolerate inequity. Equity sensitives will experience distress when faced with either type of inequity: Benevolents will experience distress and possibly guilt when they are in a situation of over-reward.
Entitleds experience distress when in an equitable or under-reward situation. The Equity Sensitivity Construct is useful to understanding equity theory and individual behavior. However, the three categories of equity sensitivity do not account for all individual differences in preferences and behavior.
Individuals might show different equity sensitivities in different contexts Huseman, et. For example, an individual might be equity sensitive in their personal relationships, preferring an equitable balance or they might be an entitled at work and feel comfortable with over-reward.
Specifically, there are differences in preference for extrinsic tangible outcomes versus intrinsic outcomes Miles, et. A specific example of this is in the realm of pay: Conversely, benevolents rate extrinsic outcomes lower in preference and Equity expectancy theory of motivation a stronger preference for intrinsic outcomes Miles, et.
It is possible that some of these differences can be attributed to other factors such as age. Younger workers and older workers value different things and the meaning of work varies by age Smith, With this is mind, it is possible that age, or other external factors, might play a part in which equity sensitivity group an individual is likely to be in.
Where does Perceived Inequity Come From? According to equity theory, perceived inequity comes from social comparisons Adams, A person to whom we compare ourselves to is called the Comparison Other.
Comparison Other There are several factors that an employee can use in determining the "comparison other. Equity Theory states that people strive hard to achieve and maintain a state of equity or fairness in order to maintain internal, psychological balance Adams, However, when ratios are different, a state of inequity exists, and employees will be motivated to bring it back into balance.
Examples of Inequity Underpayment Inequity: As of current, Sarah has been with Corporation X for 3 years and is in line to move into a management position within the next six months.
About three months ago, Corporation X hired another team member in the HR department to assist Sarah in her daily duties as they were getting too much for one person.
One day at lunch Alison reveals her salary to Sarah and tells her that she is surprised a company would pay her that salary with no experience in HR. She is immediately leaded to feeling under-compensated considering she does most of the work and Alison just helps.
Sarah realizes that she needs to make Alison accountable for more projects so her inputs match her outputs. One day at lunch Alison reveals her salary to Sarah and tells her that she is surprised a company would pay her that salary starting out in their HR department even though she has experience elsewhere.
Sarah realizes that she makes a few more dollars than Alison.
She is immediately lead to feeling overcompensated considering she does most of the same work Alison does and gets paid more. Sarah realizes that she needs to be accountable for a few more things than Alison so her inputs match her outputs. Research on Equity Theory In the four decades since John Stacey Adams pioneered the Equity Theory of motivation, an extensive amount of research has been conducted testing the validity of this theory.
The research has tested parts of the theory including the effects of over and under payment equity, equity sensitivity, and the behavioral and cognitive methods of reducing the dissonance caused by feelings of inequity.
Within the work setting Equity Theory has been researched in several important areas. Outlined below, research related to determine the effects of perceived equities or inequities on the level of worker motivation or satisfaction will be discussed. Each of these research studies focused on key pieces of Equity Theory in practice:Assumptions of Equity Theory.
Like any theory of human psychology, the equity theory makes a number of assumptions about how people think and behave. A very simplistic yet logical theory of workplace motivation was developed by John Stacey Adams called equity theory.
Equity theory is based on the premise that employees will put forth a. Expectancy theory in comparison to the other motivation theories. There is a useful link between Vroom's expectancy theory and Adam's Equity theory of motivation: namely that people will also compare outcomes for themselves with others.
|Vroom expectancy motivation theory||Vroom stresses and focuses on outcomes, and not on needs unlike Maslow and Herzberg.|
|Equity Theory of Motivation||When people feel fairly or advantageously treated they are more likely to be motivated; when they feel unfairly treated they are highly prone to feelings of disaffection and demotivation.|
|Stacey Adams equity theory||Equity is perceived when this ratio is equal. Stacy Adams called this a negative tension state which motivates him to do something right to relieve this tension.|
Equity theory focuses on determining whether the distribution of resources is fair to both relational partners. It proposes that individuals who perceive themselves as either under-rewarded or over-rewarded will experience distress, and that this distress leads to efforts to restore equity within the relationship.
Expectancy Theory vs Equity Theory Essay; Expectancy Theory vs Equity Theory Essay. Words 4 Pages. There is a new automated offender management system that is being put in effect at the state correctional facility. This paper will provide a detailed definition of two motivational theories that will be compared and contrasted with each other.
Motivation Explain Adams equity theory Adams’ equity theory is a motivational model that attempts to explain the relationship between what an employee puts into their job (input), what they get out of it (output) and the fairness and justice exchanged between the two (Cosier & Dalton, ).