Peter Dreier September-October The campus anti-sweatshop movement is the first since the campaign against apartheid. PinIt Instapaper Pocket Email Print Each year of the past five, the annual survey of national freshman attitudes conducted by the University of California at Los Angeles has hit a new record low with students who say it is important to keep up with political affairs. At 26 percent this year, it was down from 58 percent when the survey was first done in Arne David Ekstrom To:
Most of the overseas companies such as Adidas and Nike have been criticized by the people and the press also regarding the poor working conditions in most of the factories of these companies which have been established overseas. The attention of the public has been diverted to these issues by the press and they have been made aware that majority of the athletic apparel and the shoes of the companies are produced in the sweatshops where all the human rights are violated and the workers are forced to work in extremely harsh working conditions for very long shifts Burke, Therefore, as a result of these problems all the sweatshops in all around the world in most of the countries such as Australia, US and Bangladesh have faced the ethical dilemma and most of the corporations have started to weight the maximization of the profits against improving the working conditions of these sweatshops Evans, Ethical Issues Analysis of Sweatshops in Bangladesh This paper attempts to analyze the ethical and the other issues faced by these sweatshops and special attention has been given to Bangladesh in this context.
The textile industry of Bangladesh does not form part of the major economy of the country but it could be said that it is the economy of Bangladesh. As a result of these deals and the vibrant trade industry, the western countries have access to one of the cheapest labor of the world. Therefore, many Bangladeshi garment factories have started to produce clothes for the major international companies and the largest retailers of clothing around the world.
As a result of this, the sweatshop labor is widely used in Bangladesh and also in many different regions of America, Africa and Asia. Issues Analysis The Sweatshop building is well known for poor working conditions and also below tolerable standards of working. Mostly the young workers and the females work in these sweatshops and there are many health and safety risks in these sweatshops as a result of the heavy machinery, cramped spaces, inadequate air conditioning, low ventilation, locked doors, blocked fire exits and all the barred windows make the entire space congested and also makes it difficult to escape in case of emergencies.
On the other hand the deaths as compared to building collapse are low as compared to the deaths of the factory fire deaths in Bangladesh and the other regions were sweatshops are operating.
Recently, a fire at the factory in Tarzeen in Bangladesh had claimed total lives of the people of about people As-Saber, The finds of the reports have also revealed that most of the sweatshop managers have failed to act ethically and they have behaved in many oppressive ways such as coercing the sexual favors of the workers in return for the continuation of work, the use of the fines and also beating the workers violently.
However, these laws are yet not effective as there are only a handful of the inspectors which help in order to operate these factories. On the other hand, most of the building codes and the labor laws are disregarded due to general lax enforcements and bribery in these sweatshops.
The debate of sweatshop has been one of the major and the most contentious issues in the recent history and those people who argue in the favor of these sweatshops state that it is necessary for the economic development for such poor countries such as Bangladesh.
On the other hand, there are many economists such as Paul Krugman who have written in New York Times and Slate and quoted a new word which is Asian Tigers which serve as the model examples of how the different countries around the world could use their cheap labor in order to achieve economic progress Bhagwati, Krugman states that all the workers who are working in these sweatshops are very well aware of all the risks and the poor working conditions.
They are also aware that they would be paid lower wages and would have to work for longer hours. Jagdish Bhagwati also argues that the most prominent feature which is the most attractive to the transnational corporations is the cheap labor of these countries which is also the reason which has given rise to such unethical conditions in Bangladesh and other similar nations.
If the workers in these countries began to demand for higher wages or improved working conditions then these corporations would move their contracts to the other factories in other countries of the world. Therefore, the demand for the higher wages and the improved working conditions is actually a threat to the socio-economic development social livelihood of all the sweatshops and their workers Davidson, As a result it deprives all such poor countries from the future economic and social development.
There are varying degrees of validity which are held by these arguments but these are severely problematic.Thinking About the Antisweatshop Movement Isaac, Jeffrey C.
The Limits of the Movement Although USAS and its allies may talk about putting an end to sweatshop labor and struggling against global capitalism, the WRC is really about remedying specific abuses as they arise in specific locales and, in a broader sense, about publicizing labor.
The antisweatshop movement has been a consumer and citizens movement as well as a movement of the most affected workers and the labor organizations supporting them.
Students on hunger strikes protested university administrations as well as corporate leaders. The campus anti-sweatshop movement is the first since the campaign against apartheid. Even better, it’s closely linked to the labor movement—and it’s beginning to bear fruit.
The anti-sweatshop movement of the s sought to expose poor labor conditions and violations of labor rights associated with the increased globalization of apparel and footwear manufacturing. national labor movements may prevent them from doing so.
Indeed, Elliott (b and ) argues that the confrontational approach of pro-globalizers and anti-globalizing activists in the s should be discarded.1 This paper examines the impact of US government pressure and anti-sweatshop campaigns on labor market outcomes in Indonesia.
Iris Marion Young Responsibility and Global Labor Justice The anti-sweatshop movement that emerged in the s inspired widespread activism on university campuses across North America.
According to a traditional "liability" model, responsibility lies .