Zinn was a World War II veteran and criticized " collateral damage " that occurred in the bombing of Dresden and the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He started out his academic career in as a history professor at Spelman College, a black women 's college in Atlanta, Georgia. He was eventually sacked from this position for assisting the students in anti- segregation efforts. Later, he became a central figure in the movement against the Vietnam Warauthoring an early work calling for the U.
In the first three chapters Zinn looks at not only the history of the conquerors, rulers, and leaders; but also the history of the enslaved, the oppressed, and the led.
Zinn, however, stresses the role of a number of groups and ideas that most books neglect or skim over: It is refreshing to see a book that spends space based proportionately around the people that lived this history. When Columbus arrived on the Island of Haiti, there were 39 men on board his ships compared to theIndians on Haiti.
Zinn cites population figures, first person accounts, and his own interpretation of their effects to create an accurate and fair depiction of the first two and a half centuries of European life on the continent of North America.
The core part of any history book is obviously history.
It was there that Europeans and Native Americans first came into contact; the Arawak natives came out to greet the whites, and the whites were only interested in finding the gold. One-hundred fifteen years later and 1, miles to the north, the colony of Jamestown was founded by a group of English settlers led by John Smith; shortly after that the Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by a group of Puritans known to us today as the Pilgrims.
Because of uneasy and hostile relations with the nearby Pequot Indians, the Pequot War soon started between the colonists and the natives. Needless to say, the colonists won, but it was at the expense of several dozen of their own and thousands of Pequots.
But despite Indian conflict, exposure, starvation, famine, disease, and other hardships, the English kept coming to America. In they were settled enough that they started bringing African slaves into the middle colonies. Before resorting to Africans, the colonists had tried to subdue the Indians, but that idea failed before it was created.
They were outnumbered, and while, with superior firearms, they could massacre the Indians, they would face massacre in return. They could not capture them and keep them enslaved; the Indians were tough, resourceful, defiant, and at home in these woods, as the transplanted Englishmen were not.
As for free white settlers, many of them were skilled craftsmen, or even men of leisure back in England, who were so little inclined to work the land that John Smith… had to declare a kind of martial law, organize them into work gangs, and force them into the fields for survival….
Black slavery became an American institution that the southern and middle colonies began to depend on for their economic success. The first stirrings of resentment began to come not from the slaves but from the proletariat in the form of the frontier whites. Nathaniel Bacon led a revolution against Virginia governor William Berkeley and his conciliatory Indian policies.
Bacon and others who lived on the western frontier wanted more protection from the government against Indian attacks. In the end, Bacon died a natural death he caught a nasty virus and his friends were hanged, but for the first time ever, the government was forced to listen to the grievances of the underclass that had been for the most part largely ignorable up to that point.
Meanwhile, class distinctions became sharper and the poor grew in number.
Citizens were put into work houses for debt and occasionally rioted against the wealthy. More and more though, the anger turned from being just a class war to being a war of nationalities."A Brief History of the Criminal Jury in the United States." University of Chicago Law Review 61 (Summer, ), p.
As an aside in his study of the jury system, Alschuler writes that "A few Native American governments may have been more democratic in some respects, particularly in the extent to which they permitted women to participate in.
Dr. Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States might be better titled A Proletarian’s History of the United States. In the first three chapters Zinn looks at not only the history of the conquerors, rulers, and leaders; but also the history of the enslaved, the oppressed, and the led.
Nov 25, · Howard Zinn ( — ) was an American left-wing activist, author, historian and professor of history and political science. He is most famous for writing A People's History of the United States and knocking Matt Damon on his ass. The populations of many Native American peoples were reduced by the common practice of intermarrying with Europeans.
Although many Indian cultures that once thrived are extinct today, their descendants exist today in some of the bloodlines of the current inhabitants of the Americas. A People¿s History of the United States is a revisionist history text that attempts to document U.S. history as it appeared from the eyes of ¿the people¿ ¿ the poor, the black, the American Indian, and the female; in other words, all the people who until recently had no say in how the United States /5(11).
Nov 17, · Howard Zinn fundamentally changed the way millions of people think about history with A People’s History of the United States. He would be the first to .