While creating WBS, we sub-divide the project scope into smaller, more manageable components. Each descending level of WBS represents an increasing level of details of the project. The lowest level of WBS are known as work packages.
The WBS is designed to help break down a project into manageable chunks that can be effectively estimated and supervised.
Some widely used reasons for creating a WBS include: Assists with accurate project organization Helps with assigning responsibilities Shows the control points and project milestones Allows for more accurate estimation of cost, risk and time Helps explain the project scope to stakeholders A work breakdown structure is just one of many project management forms.
Constructing a Work Breakdown Structure To start out, the project manager and subject matter experts determine the main deliverables for the project.
Once this is completed, they start decomposing the deliverables they have identified, breaking them down to successively smaller chunks of work. There could be a two weeks rule, where nothing is broken down any smaller than it would take two weeks to complete.
Regarding the format for WBS design, some people create tables or lists for their work breakdown structures, but most use graphics to display the project components as a hierarchical tree structure or diagram. What is a Work Breakdown Structure Diagram?
A WBS diagram expresses the project scope in simple graphic terms. The diagram starts with a single box or other graphic at the top to represent the entire project. The project is then divided into main, or disparate, components, with related activities or elements listed under them.
Generally, the upper components are the deliverables and the lower level elements are the activities that create the deliverables.
Information technology projects translate well into WBS diagrams, whether the project is hardware or software based. That is, the project could involve designing and building desktop computers or creating an animated computer game.
Both of these examples have tasks that can be completed independently of other project tasks. One common view is a Gantt chart. To make the work go faster, you could assign teams to the different aspects of computer building, as shown in the diagram E-1 shown below.
This way, one team could work on the chassis configuration while another team secured the components. Creating an Animated Computer Game — Now we switch to software project management, where you startup a computer animation company.
To be the first to get your computer game on the market, you could assign teams to the different aspects of writing, drawing and building animated computer games, as shown in diagram E-2 below. Perhaps your key programmer is also a pretty good artist. Rather than have him divide his time and energy by trying to do both tasks, you will realize faster results if the programmer concentrates on programming while his cousin Jenny draws the scenery.
The WBS provides the foundation for project planning, cost estimation, scheduling and resource allocation, not to mention risk management. This post is part of the series: What is a Work Breakdown Structure?A work breakdown structure is a key project deliverable that organizes the scope of work into manageable sections.
The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) defines the work breakdown structure as “A hierarchical decomposition of the total scope of work to be carried out by the project team to accomplish the project objectives and.
Jun 28, · The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is one of most difficult things to do correctly in a project (Scope Management knowledge area).
Failure to define properly is the biggest cause of project failure. You will learn the 4 subproject structures needed to understand and assign work and task to the WBS, using sticky notes ─ how to check to make.
A Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) (MIL-STDC) is a tool used to define a project in discrete work elements in a Hierarchical rutadeltambor.com displays and defines the product, or products, to be developed and/or produced.
It relates the elements of work to be accomplished to each other and to the end product. The Project Work Breakdown Structure is an outcome oriented analysis of the work involved in the project and defines the total scope of the project.
It is a foundation document in project management because it provides the basis for planning and managing the project schedule, budget and requests for . WBS (Work Breakdown Structure) is a technique that will break down your project's purpose and goal for your team members' in manageable work units.
Work Breakdown Structure Example. rutadeltambor.com The Work Breakdown Structure is a various leveled portrayal of the work that must be done to finish the task as characterized in the Statement of Work or Project Charter.